The 1929 disturbances
The 1929 disturbances (also called the Buraq uprisings – the Buraq is a creature in Islam which is said to have carried the prophet Muhammad to heaven from the al-Aqsa mosque) were a series of Arab riots caused by a dispute over access to the Wailing Wall.
Following the riots, an investigation was launched. Lead by Walter Shaw, the Shaw commission the investigation claimed that the attack had been launched against Jewish inhabitants without any provocation. A later report conducted by Hope Simpson suggested called for measures to reduce Jewish immigrants because of a fear of lack of land to support them.