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The Siege of Jerusalem

The Siege of Jerusalem happened in 70CE following a Jewish revolt against the Roman rule. The troops of the Roman Emperor Titus besieged the city before eventually destroying the Second Temple (until then the holiest Jewish site), although it is unclear as to whether or not he ordered the destruction of the 500-year-old Temple.

Zerstörung Jerusalems durch Titus (Titus destroying Jerusalem) -- painting by Wilhelm von Kaulbach (1846).